Other Tenses in the Subjunctive Mood

     

In addition to the present subjunctive and imperfect subjunctive, we can also form other conjugations in the subjunctive mood. Following are some more subjunctive possibilities:

The Present Perfect Subjunctive

We can also form perfect tenses in the subjunctive. To conjugate in the present perfect subjunctive, we simply conjugate haber in the present tense subjunctive and combine it with a past participle.

haya

hayamos

hayas

hayáis

haya

hayan

+ past participle

For example:

Yo dudo que Carlos haya hecho su tarea.
I doubt that Carlos has done his homework.

Me emociono que nosotros hayamos ganado el campeonato.
I'm trilled that we have won the championship.

Es impresionante que tú hayas tomado tantos cursos.
It is impressive that you have taken so many classes.

Let's practice! Conjugate present perfect subjunctive verbs on ¡Practiquemos!

The Pluperfect Subjunctive

Note: There is an alternate set of imperfect subjunctive endings which means that you could also see haber conjugated as: hubiese, hubieses, hubiese, hubiésemos, hubieseis and hubiesen in the pluperfect subjunctive.

And to conjugate in the pluperfect subjunctive, we conjugate haber in the imperfect subjunctive and use it with a past participle.

hubiera

hubiéramos

hubieras

hubierais

hubiera

hubieran

+ past participle

For example:

Mi familia esperaba que nosotros hubiéramos llegado a tiempo.
My family hoped that we had arrived on time.

Me molestaba mucho que ella no hubiéra dejado un recado.
It bothered me a lot that she had not left a message.

Él no creía que ellos hubiéran comprado bastante boletos.
He didn't believe that they had bought enough tickets.

Let's practice! Conjugate pluperfect subjunctive verbs on ¡Practiquemos!

The Future Subjunctive

There is (or more accurately "was") a future subjunctive. It is not used much anymore and is mostly found in literature. The present subjunctive is now used in its place. The future subjunctive is formed the same way as imperfect subjunctive but with a different set of endings. Here are the future subjunctive endings, and the verb "hablar" conjugated in future subjunctive.

future subj. endings:

hablar:

-re

´-remos

-res

-reis

-re

-ren

hablare

habláremos

hablares

hablareis

hablare

hablaren

The difference between the future and the future subjunctive for some conjugations is only an accent mark (or lack thereof).

An example:

El doctor duda que te sintieres mejor mañana.
The doctor doubts that you will feel better tomorrow.

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